Vol. 2 Articles / Статьи

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It is a well-known fact, and has become part of the myth and cult of Aleksandr Pushkin as Russia's greatest poet, that Derzhavin proclaimed the adolescent Pushkin his successor in 1815 upon hearing the poem "Vospominaniia v Tsarskom Sele" (1814) at the graduation (from the lower to upper classes) of the Tsarskoe Selo Lyceum. That Derzhavin subsequently considered Pushkin Russia's greatest poet is confirmed by hi s comments to his friend S.T. Aksakov in 1815, the year before he died: "Soon a second Derzhavin will appear to the world: this is Pushkin, who still at the Lyceum has surpassed all our writers."

What did Derzhavin hear? A very ambivalent and ironic, yet great tribute to his own past poetic achievements.

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Alexander Pushkin went about, quite deliberately, to write an historical drama without the conventional romantic sub-plot. He remarked in 1829 in reference to his Boris Godunov: “A tragedy without love has appealed to my imagination.” In this, he was probably following the advice of Voltaire who railed against “love intrigues, often foreign to the subject, and so often debased by idle buffooneries.” And with his drama Orestes, the French playwright made the following claim: “I have at least given my countrymen some idea of a tragedy without love, without confidants, and without episodes” (italics mine). The romantic sub-plot, in Voltaire’s view, detracted from the gravitas of the main political/military plot-line. He therefore argued for a clear separation of romance and politics. But while Voltaire simply omits a romantic sub-plot, Pushkin “lays bare” his rejection of it within Boris Godunov, thereby critically engaging the tradition. Furthermore, his inclusion of “buffooneries” in his drama and his indebtedness to Shakespeare, whom Voltaire considered “a barbarian,” suggest that Pushkin may have had somewhat different motives in excising romance than did Voltaire.
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In a 1997 essay for a pre-bicentennial exhibition of Pushkiniana in Paris, Hélène Henry noted the irony of Aleksandr Pushkin’s situation: nicknamed “le Français” when he was at school, Pushkin never set foot on French soil. What’s more, his debt to French philosophy and poetry did little to enhance his reputation in the country of Voltaire and André Chénier. “In current opinion,” writes Henry, “nothing could come from Russia but ‘exotic’ objects, marked by local color and folklore: tales and legends, popular refrains, ‘Muscovite songs of old times’, and other ‘verses of moujiks’, as Mérimée expressed it.” When the French read Pushkin, it was the fantastic elements of “Ruslan and Liudmila” and the exotic locale of “The Fountain of Bakhchisarai” which drew their attention.

Vol. 02 Book Review / Рецензия

  • Review: Yu.V. Stennik. «Pushkin i russkaia literatura XVIII veka»

    Review: Yu.V. Stennik. «Pushkin i russkaia literatura XVIII veka»

    Ю.В. Стенник. Пушкин и русская литература XVIII века . Санкт-Петербург: Наука, 1995. стр. 347. ISBN: 5020281867.

    Книга Ю.В. Стенника, хотя и напечатана в 1995 году, но подготовлена „к 200-летию со дня рождения А.С. Пушкина,“ как выделено слева от титульной страницы красным курсивом. Рассматриваемая книга Стенника, увы, до сих пор является одним из немногих монографических трудов на заданную тему, в то время как связь Пушкина с русской литературой XVIII в. не менее органична, чем с литературой последующих лет. Нами выделено слово „связь,“ так как во многих трудах, посвященных теме „Пушкин и русская литература XVIII века“ и перечисленных автором во введении, союз „и“

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Vol. 02 News of the Profession / Хроника

  • Старейший в России. (Всероссийский музей А.С. Пушкина. Страницы истории. 1879–1999)

    Петербург, набережная Мойки, 12. Здесь жил и умер Александр Сергеевич Пушкин. Поэт занимал лишь первый этаж роскошного особняка князей Волконских, однако, дом этот навсегда связан для нас именно с Пушкиным.

    Последняя квартира А. С. Пушкина далеко не сразу стала музеем. 16 фебраля 1837 года Наталья Николаевна Пушкина навсегда покинула дом на Мойке и отправилась с детьми в Калужское имение Гончаровых “Полотняный завод.” Незадолго до этого она подарила многие вещи поэта его друзьям, которые и стали первыми хранителями пушкинских реликвий, впоследствии поступивших в музей. А в самом доме на Мойке менялись жильцы, для удобства которых время от времени проводились перепланировки и

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Vol. 02 New Translations / Новые переводы

  • A Feast in Time of Plague

    Translated by James E. Falen

    An excerpt from Wilson's tragedy
    The City of the Plague

    A street. A table laid for a feast.
    Several men and women celebrants.

    YOUNG MAN:
    Most honored Chairman! I would speak
    Of one whose memory we revere,
    A man whose jests and comic tales,
    Whose pointed wit and observations,
    So caustic with their mocking air,
    Enlivened many past occasions
    And drove away the gloom with which
    Our guest, the Plague, has now infected
    So many of our brightest minds.
    But two days since we hailed with mirth
    Those tales of his, and so tonight,
    Amid

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  • The Covetous Knight

    Translated by James Falen

    Scenes from Shenstone's
    tragicomedy, The Covetous Knight

     

    Scene I

    A Tower.
    ALBERT and JEAN

    ALBERT:
    Whatever be the cost, I must appear
    At tournament. Let's see my helmet, Jean.

    (Jean brings him his helmet.)

    It's pierced through, quite useless.
    Not a chance of wearing it. I'll needs obtain another.
    A mighty stroke! That cursed Count Delorge!

    JEAN:
    But you requited him right well, my lord.
    And after you had dropped him from his horse,
    He lay like death all day and night — I doubt
    He' well.

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